Baljinder Kandola started her career with PhD in chemistry, awarded from Kurukshetra University in India in 1985 and has since 1988 worked in UK on a range of multidisciplinary research projects involving chemistry, textiles, mechanical engineering and mathematics. She joined University of Bolton in 1992 as a Research Fellow and since 2005 is working as Professor of Materials Fire Science. With her expertise in developing and evaluating flame retardant natural fibres, thermoplastic fibre-forming polymers, thermoset resins and fibre-reinforced structural composites, she teaches modules on technical textiles, composites, advanced materials, nanomaterials for environment, geotextiles and research methods. Other responsibilities include supervision and training of PhD and MSc students in the Fire Materials Group. To date she has published over 120 papers in refereed journals, 40 conference proceedings and co-authored and written chapters in a number of books on ‘Fire Retardancy of Materials’.

Teaching Responsibilities

  • Materials and flame retardants
  • Polymers processing
  • Technical textiles
  • Composites and advanced materials

Research interests

  • Flammability and fire retardancy of polymers, textiles and fibre-reinforced thermoplastic/thermoset composites
  • Development of proactive (‘smart’) and intelligent fire retardant materials.
  • Processing and properties of polymers and composite materials.
  • Numerical modelling of heat and mass transfer in polymers and composites during combustion and combustion induced mechanical properties degradation

Research Areas and Grants

  • Mechanistic study of synergism of metal metallates with flame retardants (2014 – 2017)
  • Development ofnovel environmentally sustainable surface coatings for textiles (2014 – 2016)
  • Development of structural vinyl ester resins with improved flame-retardant properties for marine applications (2014 – 2015)
  • Polymerisation of flame retardant organophosphorus and halogen containing monomers on polymeric surfaces by UV curing or atmospheric plasma techniques (2013 – 2015)
  • Novel co-blended polymer matrix systems for fire resistant structural marine composites (2010 – 2014)
  • Fire retardant bio-composites for high performance applications (FRBioComp) (2011 – 2014)
  • Novel multifunctional fire & smoke retardants for engineering polymers (2010 – 2014)
  • Sustainable flame retardancy for textiles and related materials based on nanoparticles substituting conventional chemicals (FLARETEX), (2012 – 2016). Network activity based project between 22 European countries. 
  • The use of ultrasonification in thermoplastic polymer melts to improve nanodispersion and efficiency of flame retardant species (2009-2010)
  • Flame retardant technologies: safe products with optimised environmental performance (2009 – 2010)
  • Predictive modelling of combustion – induced mechanical property degradation of flame-retardant structural composites (2006 – 2009)
  • Nanoparticulate, ceramicizing treatments to confer flash-fire resistance to military clothing and thin-walled composites  (2008)
  • Curing behaviour of different thermoset resins and their blends (2008-2009)
  • Effect of newly developed glass frit samples on flammability of polymers (2008-2009).
  • Development of high performance, fire retardant glass fibre-reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composites using novel techniques (2007 – 2008).
  • Enhancement in fire and mechanical performance of glass/carbon reinforced epoxy composites using nanoclays, nanotubes and nanofibres (2005 – 2008)
  • Fire retardancy of fibre – reinforced structural composites using surface coatings (2007 – 2008)
  • Nanocomposite fire retardants for synthetic fibres (2003 – 2006).
  • Flame retardant fibre reinforced composites incorporating polymer layered silicate nanocomposites (2002 – 2004).
  • Flame retardation of epoxy soluble thermoplastic fibres (2004-2007)
  • Reinforcement of fire resistant glass composites using embedded fibrous elements (2003-2005)
  • Fire resistant acoustic insulation media for commercial aircraft (MOFIRETEX)  (2004 – 2006)
  • Developing the next generation of flame retardant technical polypropylene yarns (FLAMTECH) (2002 – 2005)
  • Risk assessment on flame retardant exposures of upholstered back-coated fabrics (2002 – 2003)
  • Flame retardant rare fabrics for luxury executive jets (FLAREJET), (2000 – 2003)
  • Intumescent-interactive flame-retardant glass reinforced polymeric (eg, polyester, epoxy, phenolic) composites (1997 – 2000).
  • Studies on the physical properties of responsive barrier materials (1997-1999)
  • Mechanistic studies of fibre-intumescent-reactive systems (1993 – 1996).
  • Mechanical and fire retardant properties of glass reinforced thermoset composite materials incorporating intumescent systems and inherently flame retardant fibres (2003-2006).
  • The investigation of the potential of nanocomposite formation for developing flame   retardancy in thermoplastic fibre forming polymers (2001-2004).
  • Identification and prediction of factors in children’s clothing responsible for increasing burn injury severity (1999-2002).
  • Experimental strategy to observe effect of flame retardant materials on flammability of selected polymers in order to assess their commercial potential (2010 - 2011) 

Selected Recent Publications

  • B.K. Kandola, L. Krishnan, D. Deli, P. Luangtriratana and J.R. Ebdon, ‘Fire and mechanical properties of a novel free-radically cured phenolic resin based on a methacrylate-functional novolac and of its blends with an unsaturated polyester resin’, RSC Advances, 5, 33772-33785, 2015.
  • P. Luangtriratana, B.K. Kandola and P. Myler, ‘Ceramic particulate thermal barrier surface coatings for glass fibre-reinforced epoxy composites’, Materials & Design, 68, 232-244, 2015.
  • B.K. Kandola, J.R. Ebdon and K.P. Chowdhury, ‘Flame retardance and physical properties of novel cured blends of unsaturated polyester and furan resins’, Polymers, 7, 298-315, 2015.
  • B.K. Kandola, J.R. Ebdon, L. Krishnan and D. Deli. Blends of unsaturated polyester and phenolic resins for application as fire-resistant matrices in fibre - reinforced composites. Part 2: Effects of resin structure, compatibility and composition of fire performance’, Polym. Deg. Stab., 113,154-167, 2015.
  • M.H. Akonda, B.K. Kandola, A.R. Horrocks, P. Myler, ‘The effect of fibrous reinforcement on optical and impact performance of fibre-reinforced transparent glass composites’, J. Mater. Sci., 86, 80-88, 2015.
  • P.  Luangtriratana, B.K. Kandolaand J.R. Ebdon, ‘UV-polymerisable, phosphorus-containing, flame-retardant surface coatings for glass fibre-reinforced epoxy composites’, Progress in Organic Coatings, 78,73-82, 2015.
  • B.K. Kandola, P. Luangtriratana, ‘Thermo-physical performance of  nanoclay coatings deposited on the surfaces of glass fibre-reinforced epoxy composites using an atmospheric pressure plasma or a resin binder’, Appl. Clay Sci., 99, 62-71, 2014.
  • A.F. Holdsworth, A.R. Horrocks, B.K. Kandola and D. Price, ‘The Potential of metal oxalates as novel flame retardants and synergists for engineering polymers’, Polym. Deg. Stab., 110,290-297, 2014.
  • B.K. Kandola, M. Ndiaye, D. Price, ‘Quantification of polymer degradation during melt dripping of thermoplastic polymers’, Polym. Deg. Stab.,106, 16-25, 2014.
  • B.K. Kandola, P. Luangtriratana, ‘Evaluation of thermal barrier effect of ceramic microparticulate surface coatings on glass fibre-reinforced epoxy composites’, Composites Part B, 66, 381-387, 2014.