20/07/2021

Categories: Early Years and Childhood Studies, Undergradute

How do Children Learn to Speak

It might seem hard to believe, but from the day they are born a newborn baby begins to learn the necessary skills for cognitive development. They can sleep for as much as 16-18 hours a day but when they are awake, they are continually learning from what is going on around them, listening to the sounds that they hear and absorbing the things they can see. But how, precisely, do children learn to speak?

Language development

Language development in children is a truly incredible process. Learning a language comes naturally and everyone is born with an understanding of how to go about it. No matter what language is spoken at home, all children will learn the language in the same way and what affects language development is the same for everyone, no matter their culture or language.

Language development in children progresses via the following three stages.

Learning Sounds

Babies are born being able to distinguish and hear all of the specific sounds that are found across the world. This equates to around 150 sounds from 6500 languages. These are phonemes and even from a very young age, babies can filter out which belong to their natural tongue, and which do not. The best way to help a baby with this is to talk to them; they learn best from hearing a range of voices. Talking to them as though you are having a conversation and waiting for a response can help as well.

Picture2 v55

Learning Words

Learning how those sounds go together helps language development in children to progress to the word stage. They understand that the “ma ma” sound relates to one of the people who looks after them, for example. What affects language development is not just hearing the words and sounds but having them in context. These “words” are referred to as morphemes, and can be a single word or two words combined.

Learning Sentences

By the third stage children are learning how to formulate simple sentences. These may just be two words to begin with, but over time they will add more words. These may not be in the right order, however, as this is something that comes later. Now it is important for adults to continue modelling good speech, speaking clearly and allowing children to talk by not interrupting them. Asking questions is the perfect way of helping children to learn during this stage.

Picture3 v43

BA (Hons) Early Years Childhood Studies at the University of Bolton – A Step Towards the Future

At the University of Bolton, we offer a BA (Hons) in Early Years Childhood Studies that could offer you the skills that you need for a rewarding career with children. Our highly experienced lecturers can provide you with the specialist knowledge you can use to equip yourself with the skills that you need for a career that will offer you plenty of rewarding challenges.

The University of Bolton has been voted No.1 for Student Satisfaction for the past 3 years*. We offer a university experience that we truly believe is #UniAsItShouldBe. Our inclusive, supportive and welcoming environment gives our students the best chance of achieving their goals.

If you would like to learn more about the university and our early years childhood studies courses, we would be delighted to talk to you. Our team of friendly advisors can be contacted on +44 (0)1204 900 600. Alternatively, if you message enquiries@bolton.ac.uk, we’ll be happy to answer your queries.

 

*Complete University Guide 2021, 2020, 2019 - North West region.

No courses found

BA (Hons) Early Years Childhood Studies
Full-time
Mode of study
3 years
Duration
96
UCAS Points

University of Bolton

FdA Early Years Childhood Studies
Part-time
Mode of study
3 years
Duration
64
UCAS Points

University of Bolton

FdA Early Years Childhood Studies
Part-time
Mode of study
2.5 years
Duration

The Growth Company

MA /MSc Professional Practice (Specialism)
Full-time
Mode of study
12 months
Duration

University of Bolton

MA /MSc Professional Practice (Specialism): Extended
Full-time
Mode of study
18 months
Duration

University of Bolton

MA Early Childhood Studies
Full-time
Mode of study
1 year
Duration

University of Bolton

MA Early Childhood Studies
Part-time
Mode of study
2 years
Duration

University of Bolton

MSc Human Society (with specialism)
Part-time
Mode of study
24 months
Duration

University of Bolton

MA /MSc Professional Practice (Specialism)
Part-time
Mode of study
24 months
Duration

University of Bolton

BA (Hons) Early Years Childhood Studies (top-up)
Full-time
Mode of study
1 year
Duration

University of Bolton

MSc Human Society (with specialism)
Full-time
Mode of study
12 months
Duration

University of Bolton

MSc Human Society (with specialism): Extended
Full-time
Mode of study
18 months
Duration

University of Bolton

BA (Hons) Early Years Childhood Studies (top-up)
Part-time
Mode of study
18 months
Duration

University of Bolton

BA (Hons) Professional Development in Early Years (Final Year top-up)
Part-time
Mode of study
1.5 years
Duration

The Growth Company

FdA Early Years Childhood Studies
Part-time
Mode of study
3 years
Duration
40
UCAS Points

Alliance Learning

myBolton

Download the app for your smartphone from:

Help Centre

We have the answers to your questions, find all the advice and support in one place.

Part of the University of Bolton Group

Bolton college
Alliance learning
Anderton centre2
Scheme Participant
RiSE pos rgb logo
TEF Silver QQA

Help Centre

We have the answers to your questions, find all the advice and support in one place.

Part of the University of Bolton Group

Bolton college
Alliance learning
Anderton centre2
Scheme Participant
RiSE pos rgb logo
TEF Silver QQA