05/02/2021

10 of the Largest Civil Engineering Projects in History

10 of the Largest Civil Engineering Projects in History

The world would look very different without highly skilled civil engineers. Throughout history, civil engineers have been responsible for some of the most impressive structures that exist across the globe. Here are just ten of the largest Civil Engineering projects in history.

1. The Great Wall of China

It was once believed that the Great Wall of China was the only civil construction that could be seen from the moon. While this has since been deemed to be false, it is still an impressive structure. Built to protect the empire from invasions and raids carried out by nomadic groups, the wall runs for over 13,170 miles and is 26 feet tall in places.

2. The Great Pyramid

One of the tallest structures in the ancient world, a great deal is still not known about the Great Pyramid in Egypt. There remain disagreements over the building methods used and how 2.3million stone blocks were moved into position. What is agreed is that it is a magnificent feat of engineering.

3. The Brooklyn Bridge

Spanning the East River, the Brooklyn Bridge connects Brooklyn with Manhattan in New York. The bridge was completed in 1883, making it one of the oldest road bridges in the USA. Large wooden caissons were sunk into the river to help create the stone towers that support the bridge.

4. The Panama Canal

The Panama Canal allows vessels to move between North and South America, shaving several thousands of miles off their journey. The canal was one of the most difficult geotechnical engineering projects ever. Connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, it contains three locks that lift ships 85 feet above sea level.

5. The Burj Khalifa – Dubai Tower

Now the tallest building (except radio masts) in the world, the Burj Khalifa stands at an astounding 2,722 feet. Construction started in 2004, and civil engineers secured the structure's stability with over 211,200 tons of concrete spread over 145 piles.

Of course, this list isn't exhaustive and civil construction takes many forms. However, the second half of the list is no less impressive and includes some Civil Engineering feats that even a modern site engineer would find hard to explain.

6. English Channel Tunnel

Otherwise known as the Eurotunnel, it runs under the English Channel, connecting England and France. Work started at both ends of the tunnel simultaneously and one of the most difficult aspects of the project was ensuring that the two halves met in the middle. It is 31 miles long and the underwater part at 23.5 miles is the longest underwater tunnel in the world.

 

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7. Hoover Dam

Situated at Black Canyon on the Colorado River, the Hoover Dam is the highest concrete arch dam in the USA. It creates one of the largest artificial lakes in the world and aids in creating up to 2,080 megawatts of power.

8. Aqueduct of Segovia

Built without using mortar and containing around 24,000 Guadarrama granite blocks, the Aqueduct of Segovia carries water over 11 miles from the Frio River to Segovia, Spain. Built by the Romans it is believed to date back to the First Century AD.

9. Qingdao Haiwan Bridge

Located in China, the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge is the longest bridge in the world to go over water. The bridge is 26.5 miles long and 16.2 miles of it sits over water. 450,000 tons of steel was used in its construction.

10. Golden Gate Bridge

The Golden Gate Bridge is over a mile wide and connects the Pacific Ocean with San Francisco Bay. Key to the success of the suspension bridge are the support towers that extend up 746 feet and go down 100 feet below the bay.

If you want to be involved in the next large Civil Engineering project or be a site engineer for smaller Manchester based projects, you need to gain a raft of skills and experiences. The best way to achieve this is by undertaking one of the superb Civil Engineering courses available at the University of Bolton.

Why Study Civil Engineering at Bolton University?

We pride ourselves in providing #UniAsItShouldBe, where the student comes first, and we value each student's experience. We have been named No. 1 for Student Satisfaction for the past three years and are a Guardian Top 50 UK University.*

Get in Touch

You can be a part of the next big geotechnical engineering project with a Civil Engineering course from the best University in the North West. Find out more by getting in touch with us today. For questions and queries relating to finance, funding, disability support, wellbeing, accommodation in Great Manchester or anything else, our award-winning Student Services team is here for you.

Call +44(0)1204 900 600 or email enquiries@bolton.ac.uk to find out more about enrolling.

*Complete University Guide 2021, 2020, 2019 – North West Region.

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