Dr Md Istiak Ahammed is currently an external PhD supervisor who is affiliated with the University of Bolton. He has obtained his PhD from Business school at the University of Bolton. Before working as a research supervisor, Dr Istiak worked as an administrative assistant in the event organising agency, London. Also, he worked as a part-time Business lecturer at a college.  Dr Istiak’s main interest remains is to explore whether employees’ physiological motivation (emotional capital) can influence employees’ behaviours that motivate employees to enhance their engagement levels in the UK’s low-paid working sector. Furthermore, Dr Istiak’s research interests include Islamic finance and human resource management, financial and non-financial performance measurement, employee motivation, recruitment and selection, employee benefits, employee training and development, corporate finance, corporate social responsibility, Sharia governance and regulations.